Source Document Analyses

Patil, Crystal. Hadley, Craig. Nahayo, Perpetue 6 February 2008
Author’s name (last, first) Publication date
Unpacking Dietary Acculturation Among New Americans: Results from Formative Research with African Refugees
Title
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008. 10.1007/s10903-008-9120-z
Book series OR Journal Location and publisher OR volume, issue, pages

1) What is the source’s stated purpose (the argument or thesis)?

To “stimulate research to improve our understanding of the conflicting and interacting roles that…” food availability, economic-constraints, time-constraints and convenience, children, and the knowledge transfer hypotheses “…play in shaping the health of refugee populations as they move to the USA.

2) What evidence does the author provide to support his or her main argument? How is the author attempting to logically prove his or her thesis and how does this affect the organization of the document?

The authors conducted many surveys of Liberian women to find ways to support their arguments.

As for food availability the hypothesis was not true. Many Liberians stated that they didn’t find it difficult to find foods familiar to them. They also got used to the slight differences in foods that are similar between the US and Liberia.

The economic constraints hypothesis was found to be true because many Liberians have a low economic status and this makes it hard for them to buy sufficient food. Many of them are on food stamps.

The authors found that time constraints were in fact a problem. The Liberians are working a lot more and do not have sufficient time to cook a lot of homemade meals. Instead they may choose a faster option, like fast food. Or they may take their off day to cook for the week.

The effect of children on reforming the Liberian diet is great. These children eat American foods at school so they want American foods at home as well. They don’t eat African foods very well and love easy, fast, high calorie foods.

The transfer of knowledge is also important in reforming the Liberian diet. Many of these Liberians want to know how to make American food, but they don’t know how. They love American food and really want to know how to prepare it.

The authors are attempting to prove their theses by analyzing these surveys they conducted with Liberian women. The organization of the paper is very nice.

3) Who is the audience? What does the author assume the audience already knows about the topic?

The audience is anyone interested in Liberian refugees in America and how their acculturation is affecting their diet.

The author doesn’t assume anything and explains things very well.

4) Describe the author’s methods (i.e. how does the author know what he or she knows)?  In your opinion were they appropriate why or why not?

The authors conduct a lot of surveys and show genuine interest in these women and their families so they are able to collect a lot of information from them.

I think they were appropriate. The followed IRB protocol and the people seemed willing to answer their questions.

5) To what other sources (theorist, researchers, artists) does the author refer?Explain the specific ideas the author draws upon from these other sources to support his or her own argument (the theoretical framework).

The authors cite a lot of articles regarding immigration and health changes (i.e. heart disease, obesity, etc.)

They use the sources to explain all five of their hypotheses and to support or deny them.

6) What are the connections between this source and your project? How useful or applicable is this source’s approach to your own project? How is yours new and different?

There are a lot of connections between this source and my project. They are surveying Liberians to see how their diet has changed since living in America and I want to survey Tibetans to see how their diet has changed since living in India. Mine is new and different because I won’t be focusing on refugees coming to America where there is a lot of fatty, high calorie food. The foods in India will most likely be much more healthy than American foods.

Benson, Jill. Maldari, Toni. Turnbull, Thomas. 7 April 2010
Author’s name (last, first) Publication date
Vitamin B12 deficiency-why refugee patients are at high risk.
Title
Australian Family Physician Vol 39, (4) 215-217
Book series OR Journal Location and publisher OR volume, issue, pages

1) What is the source’s stated purpose (the argument or thesis)?

“This article discusses testing for vitamin B12 deficiency, its clinical manifestations and the possible repercussions for Australia’s refugee population.”

2) What evidence does the author provide to support his or her main argument? How is the author attempting to logically prove his or her thesis and how does this affect the organization of the document?

The author gives evidence by showing that refugees coming to Australia have a decreased B12 status by sampling their blood. They explain this by stating that most of the refugees come from impoverished areas where there is low availability of animal products for food. Also, it may not be a part of the refugees’ diet to eat large amounts of food.

The organization of the document is very nice. It begins by stating the thesis and explaining what a vitamin B12 deficiency entails. It explains the findings and some possible treatments.

3)Who is the audience? What does the author assume the audience already knows about the topic?

The audience is the scientific community or anyone wondering about African refugees in Australia.

No. They explain everything fairly easily so anyone can understand it.

4) Describe the author’s methods (i.e. how does the author know what he or she knows)?  In your opinion were they appropriate why or why not?

The authors examined blood samples. I think they were appropriate because blood samples are really the only way to determine vitamin B12 status.

5) To what other sources (theorist, researchers, artists) does the author refer?Explain the specific ideas the author draws upon from these other sources to support his or her own argument (the theoretical framework).

The authors use a lot of sources that also talk about vitamin B12, as well as those researching refugees. One specific idea that the authors draw from another source is the fact that if you treat patients for Helicobacter pylori (if they really have it) then 40% of them will return to normal vitamin B12 status.

6)What are the connections between this source and your project? How useful or applicable is this source’s approach to your own project? How is yours new and different?

The authors studied refugees and I will also be studying refugees. This actually isn’t very applicable to my topic because I highly doubt that any of the Tibetan refugees will be suffering from a vitamin B12 deficiency and I won’t be studying any blood samples. I will be studying how their health may have changed by their diet changing to include more vegetables.

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3 responses to “Source Document Analyses

  1. Again, looks like you are on the ball! Seriously, good job! The more work you do now the better things will be when you are suddenly thrown out into the field!

    Just one suggestion, does wordpress have a “jumpbreak” option? Sometimes it makes things less overwhelming for readers who might come across your blog if you do a “read more” option on some of these longer posts. No worries either way, it is just something I like to do.

  2. I think you’ve done such a good job at answering these questions about your sources using the author’s own words … definitely a valuable skill when it comes to writing an actual literature review.

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